Panem et Circenses. Itâs a philosophy that goes back to ancient Rome. Literally translates from the original Latin as âBreads and Circuses,â it defines a strategy to mollify a potentially unruly populace by distracting them with basic needs and entertainment. Itâs what you do if youâre not sure the sudden surge in pitchfork sales are destined for farms across your nation or a dense mob about to knock on your front door.
Such was the condition of France throughout the period of the French Revolution. The new government, recognizing its tenuous position, organized a series of festivities beginning with the Festival of the Federation held on July 14, 1790, a year to the day about that aforementioned mob stormed the Bastille. During the final stages of RÃ©volution franÃ§aise, well after the Reign of Terror, the Directory ruled France. In 1798, a little more than a year before the coup dâÃ©tat that ushered in a new triumvirate that included Napoleon Bonaparte, the Directory decided Continue Reading “The Glorious Road to the Memorable 1904 St. Louis Worldâs Fair”